Wednesday, 20 September 2017

Durgesh shukla

Rohingya's Crisis | Mayanmar |

Rohingya

Myanmar also known by the name Burma which is bordered by India and Bangladesh to the west, Thailand and Laos to the east and China to its north and north-east having a total area of 676,578 sq km and capital at Naypyidaw is currently in the news for its Rohingya issue. Before going into the issue, I think it would be easier for us to understand the issue if we trace the background of its occurrence and who are Rohingyas.
 
Rohingyas are the ethnic community who reside in Rakhine area of Myanmar which account for approximately 7% population and talk in their regional language. Rohingyas are actually the Arabs, Mongol or Turkish soldiers and traders who migrated in 15th century to the Kingdom of Arakan (Rakhine State). Buddhists and the Rohingyas lived for centuries together, it was only after the British invasion that the clash between both the communities started. The British according to their infamous “divide and rule” divided both the communities and started favouring the Muslims more, they were the only one who were inducted in the army for World War II. Also due to the muslim labourers influx in Myanmar for agriculture by the British increased the population of the muslims from 5% to 30% by 1930s. When the new constitution of Myanmar was drafted till that time the status of Rohingyas was fortified enshrining them with the legal and voting rights, which was later on stripped on and they were declared stateless. Especially after the Citizenship Act, 1982, it set the condition for proving the citizenship which was impossible for the Rohingyas to do, as they have to prove that they were there before the Burmese War of 1823. The Myanmar government recognises them as they are Bengali Muslims who migrated from Bangladesh to Myanmar during the colonial period whereas Rohingyas consider them as the native inhabitants of Myanmar. After the junta were dissolved in 2011, there was certain increase in the Buddhist extremism which again tried to sideline the Rohingyas. Tensions were provoked when the small militant group, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army(ARSA) attacked the Burmese armies in October 2016, and the army started the brutal retaliation against the innocent Rohingyas. Again on 25 August the ARSA attacked the army against which the severe blow was registered from the army.

The Rohingyas have been denied the basic human right like they don’t have access to education and are not allowed to move freely and can only marry only when they have the permission to do so. The Rohingyas lived in inhuman conditions which are prone to abuse.

INDIA’S CONCERN

The reason why India is resistance towards not allowing the Rohingyas in India is because of many reasons. If we take the security concern then the illegal migration would affect the security of India deeply and also there are proofs of Rohingyas presence in terrorist groups. Also the illegal migration would increase the load on the India economy for providing food and space. Also last but not the least if India accepted the Rohingyas then it would be in direct conflict with Myanmar, on which India is depended for the control of terrorist activities in the north-east. Due to the tie with Myanmar the insurgency in North Eastern part is in control, and if India will be in conflict with Myanmar then it would help the insurgent groups in North-East. Also the relation with Myanmar helps in increasing trade in the south-east region. The China has its border with Myanmar from the east and north-east, so if India went against Myanmar, then China would for support the Myanmar and it is already in support of Myanmar step against Rohingyas.