Right to Education

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Article on Right to Education

Importance of Education

The importance of learning is to enable the individual to put his potentials to optimal use. Education makes a man right thinker and a correct decision maker. It achieves by bringing his knowledge from the external world, teaching him to reason and acquainting him with past history, so that he can be a better judge of the present. With education, he finds himself in a room with all its windows open to the outside world. A well-educated man is a more dependable worker, a better citizen, a center of wholesome influence, pride in his community and honor to his country. A nation is great only in the proportion of its advancement in education.

Over the years, the demand for children's education has grown by leaps and bounds. Everybody from the poorest of the poor to the well-off acknowledges the value of education in the overall development of children. Basically, the object of education is threefold i.e physical, mental and spiritual. A perfect system of education must do full justice to all those three above.

If we take a look at the Education structure existing in India, we would find that it is divided broadly into five stages: Pre-primary, primary, upper primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary, Schooling in India follows the "10+2 pattern".

Moreover, if we take into consideration the Indian Education scenario, we would find that, in the post-independence period, the pace of educational development has been unprecedented by any standards. The Govt. was committed to ensuring universal elementary education (primary and upper primary) education for all children aged 6-14 years of age through its flagship programme, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). It is assumed that the chief aim of such an education must have been just to fit one to earn a living. It is called "Bread and Butter" system of education, as well.

With the above situation and concept in mind, on April 1, 2010, India has reached a historic milestone in the country's struggle for Children's Right to Education. The Constitution (86th Amendment) Act 2002 making elementary education a Fundamental Right and its consequential legislation, the Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act 2009, comes into force. The enforcement of this right represents a momentous step forward in 100- year struggle for universalizing elementary education.

The Salient Features of the Right to Education Act are:-

1) School and Social mapping;
2) Catching those out of schools;
3) Re-deployment of teachers;
4) Filling Vacancies;
5) Grievance redressal;
6) The funding Inevitably, this will take care of the 'threefold educational object'. It would also result in bridging the access and enrolment gaps, to a large extent.

 Under the Right to Education Act, it is envisaged that the teaching-learning process would be stress-free and a massive programme for curricular reform would be initiated to provide for a child-friendly learning system, that is at once relevant and empowering.

Similarly, the Teacher accountability systems and processes would ensure that the children are learning and that their right to learn in a child-friendly environment is safeguarded.

Among other essential things, the schools would also ensure adequate and safe drinking water and an accessible and adequate sanitation facility for girls and boys in the institution premises itself. Moreover, the school would also provide geospatial technologies to supplement social mapping exercises at the grassroots level.

The relevance of Right to Education

The immense relevance of inclusive education, particularly of disadvantaged groups, demand vibrant partnerships with the departments and organizations concerned with children of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, and educationally backward minorities. The government will have to set up systems for equal opportunity for children with special needs The Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Departments would need to accelerate poverty reduction programmes so that children are freed from domestic chores and wage earning responsibilities. State Government would simultaneously ensure that the Panchayati Raj institutions get appropriately involved so that 'Local Authorities' can discharge their functions under the Right to Education Act. There is a need for close cooperation amongst departments concerned to ensure that so far the deprived children get their Rights to Education.

The Sports Departments would need to build in physical education for the overall physical, social, emotional and mental development of the child. Above all, people's groups, civil society organizations, and voluntary agencies will have to play a crucial role in implementing the Right to Education. A vibrant civil society movement would also ensure that the rights of the child are not violated; it can amplify the voice of the disadvantaged and weaker sections of the society. It can also improve programmer outcomes by contributing local knowledge and technical expertise and bringing innovative ideas and solutions to the challenges ahead.

Constitutional Provisions regarding Right to Education

With regard to Constitutional Provisions, it has given considerable importance to the education. The Constitutional Amendment of 1976 included education in the Concurrent list, which means that both the Centre and the State have Jurisdiction over enacting legislation on the subject and is a far-reaching step. Moreover, The Constitutional (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 years as a Fundamental Right

Right to Education: National Policies 

As far as National Policies are concerned, there have so far been mainly two comprehensive statements of National Policy on Education, viz. those of 1968 and 1986. However, to the advantage of an educational system in our country, there have been certain modifications to above, during the course of time.

        With huge investments in the infrastructure of schools, to clear to the educational needs of children with varying intelligence levels, alternative forms of education is also fairly widely available. One must get acquainted with those alternatives for self-progress and betterment.

        Parents have expectations from the education system that it would equip their children for gainful employment and economic well being. The enforcement of the Fundamental Right would provide us with a unique opportunity to mount a mission encompassing all the discourses to fulfill our goal of universal elementary education. The Right to Education goes beyond free and compulsory education to include quality education for all.

        With the introduction of Right to Education Act, in the years to come, there would be a notable achievement in the 'literacy rate' in our country. Is it not the 'dream' and 'prime motto' of our leaders?

Conclusion: Right to Education

Thus, it can be concluded that Education is a Fundamental Human Right, without which capabilities for a decent life and effective participation in society are less likely to be developed. Since the Right to Education Act has provided us the tools to provide quality education to all our children, it is now imperative that we, the people of India, join hands to ensure the implementation of this law in its true spirit. The Government is committed to this task though real change will happen only through collective action and we must come forward willingly for the same.

Right to Education Right to Education Reviewed by Rajat Malhotra on September 24, 2018 Rating: 5

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